Latest update: 30/01/2017

Directive 2014/29/EU - simple pressure vessels

of 26 February 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of simple pressure vessels (recast)


As its predecessor, Directive 2014/29/EU lays down uniform rules on the placing on the market and putting into service of simple pressure vessels and establishes safety standards. In Annex I, it lays down essential safety requirements for the protection of the health and safety of persons, and the protection of domestic animals and property with regard to the hazards resulting from the leakage or bursting of simple pressure vessels.


Simple pressure vessels in the scope of the Directive are vessels manufactured in series and subjected to an internal gauge pressure greater than 0.5 bar, made to contain air or nitrogen, and are not intended to be fired. It also covers parts and assemblies contributing to the strength of the vessel under pressure made of certain qualities of steel or aluminium. It excludes vessels designed for nuclear use, vessels installed on ships and aircraft and fire extinguishers.

Art. 2 also contains a list of legal definitions of terms used in the Directive, e.g. "manufacturer", "importer", "distributor" or "placing on the market".

Further legal definitions are given for the terms "authorised representative", "economic operators", "technical specification" (document), "harmonised standard", "accreditation", "national accreditation body", "conformity assessment", "conformity assessment body", "recall", "withdrawal", "Union harmonisation legislation" and "CE marking".


The Directive establishes a notification procedure and obliges the Member States to nominate competent authorities. Details of the procedure are laid down in Annex II of the Directive.

For the notification procedure, the Directive also refers to Regulation (EC) No. 765/2008 setting out the requirements for accreditation and market surveillance relating to the marketing of products and which lays down rules on the accreditation of conformity assessment bodies, provides a framework for the market surveillance of products and for controls on products from third countries, and lays down the general principles of the CE marking.

The directive lays down provisions on the obligations of manufacturers (Art. 6), importers (Art. 8) and distributors (Art. 9) of simple pressure vessels in the notication process. Manufacturers shall ensure that they have been designed and manufactured in accordance with the essential safety requirements set out in Annex I. This concerns newly manufactured as well as second hand vessels which are placed on the EU market, regardless of their origin.

The present Directive enters into force on 18 April 2014 and applies from 20 April 2016. It repeals Directive 2009/105/EC.


Annex I - Essential safety requirements

Annex II - Conformity assessment procedures

Annex III - Inscriptions, instructions, definitions and symbols

Annex IV - EU declaration of conformity

Annex V -  Repealed Directive with the amendment thereto (referred to in Article 43) / Time-limits for transposition into national law and dates of application of the Directives set out in Part B of Annex IV to Directive 2009/105/EC

Annex VI - Correlation table

Statement of the European Parliament


Read the full text of this Directive

National laws implementing this Directive

Further information on this topic

Further information provided by the Commission