The main document underlying the field of occupational health and safety in Estonia is the Occupational Health and Safety Act adopted by the Estonian Parliament – the Riigikogu – based on which several relevant Regulations of the Government of the Republic and the Minister of Social Affairs have been developed and enacted (the Act came into force on 26 July 1999). In the occupational health and safety system of Estonia, the Ministry of Social Affairs constitutes the executive authority which regulates the entire area, whereas two of its structural units (the Working Life Development Department and the Health Care Department) are directly involved in occupational health and safety-related policy-making. The Estonian National Focal Point for EU-OSHA operates within the Ministry of Social Affairs (the Working Life Development Department). At present the Focal Point network includes 16 governmental and non-governmental institutions.
The National Focal Point acts as the Agency's representative in Estonia, functioning as an intermediate body between the Agency and the Member State in the relevant activities, as well as the coordinating body for activities at Member State level. The aim of the Focal Point website is to provide comprehensive information on both national and EU levels about occupational health and safety, particularly about good practices and European campaigns.
State supervision regarding labour law and compliance with occupational health and safety requirements is handled by the Labour Inspectorate. Labour Inspectorate maintains also a information line where employers and employees can call with their questions regarding labor law and working environment.