Latest update: 20/10/2023

Directive 2014/68/EU - pressure equipment

Directive 2014/68/EU applies to the design, manufacture and conformity assessment of stationary pressure equipment with a maximum allowable pressure greater than 0,5 bar.


Directive 2014/68/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 May 2014 on the harmonisation of the laws of the Member States relating to the making available on the market of pressure equipment (PED) lays down essential safety requirements for pressure equipment and assemblies (such as boilers, pressure cookers, fire extinguishers, heat exchangers and steam generators). The Directive provides, together with the Directives related to simple pressure vessels (2014/29/EU), transportable pressure equipment (2010/35/EU) and Aerosol Dispensers (75/324/EEC), for an adequate legislative framework on European level for equipment subject to a pressure hazard. The Directive repealed its predecessor Directive 97/23/EC.


The aim of the Directive is to ensure the free movement of pressure equipment and assemblies within the Community market by harmonising the national safety and health protection requirements to which they are subject. It shall be ensured that pressure equipment will not be dangerous for safety and health of persons, animals or property while being installed, used or maintained.


This Directive applies to equipment and assemblies subject to a maximum allowable pressure PS exceeding 0,5 bar. Pressure equipment according to the Directive are vessels, piping, safety accessories and pressure accessories.

The Directive determines the objectives or "essential requirements" which the above mentioned equipment must satisfy at the time of manufacture and before it is placed on the market.
The Directive concerns manufacturers of items such as vessels pressurised storage containers, heat exchangers, steam generators, boilers, industrial piping, safety devices and pressure. The manufacturer must ensure that his products are assessed with regard to conformity to the provisions of the Directive before they are being placed at the market. Manufacturers, importers and distributors are responsible for the compliance of their products with this law. Manufacturer information must be provided with the product.

Member States have supervision rights and shall ensure that unsafe products are withdrawn from or not placed on the market. Under the Directive, pressure equipment must be safe, meet essential safety requirements covering design, manufacture and testing, satisfy appropriate conformity assessment procedures and carry the CE marking and other required information.


  • Annex I:  Essential safety requirements / Specific pressure equipment requirements
  • Annex II: Conformity assessment tables
  • Annex III: Conformity assessment procedures
  • Annex IV: EU declaration of conformity
  • Annex V: Part A - Repealed Directive with list of the successive amendments thereto / Part B - Time-limit for transposition into national law and date of application
  • Annex VI: Correlation table (with Dir 97/23/EC)

Read the full text of Directive 2014/68/EU

National measures implementating this Directive


Further information