Manufactured nanomaterials can bring huge benefits to society but there are concerns about their health and environmental hazards. This literature review shows that there are also serious gaps in the awareness of the potential risks involved in handling manufactured nanomaterials in the workplace, and serious shortcomings in the way that those risks are communicated to the workplace. Effective, transparent, balanced and open risk communication strategies tailored to workplaces are needed to help employers and workers make informed decisions and put adequate prevention measures in place.
Estimates of the recent and future burden of occupational diseases indicate that occupational cancer is still a major problem and will remain so in the future as a result of exposure of workers to carcinogens. Occupational cancer is a problem that needs to be tackled across the European Union (EU). This report provides an overview of assessment tools for the exposure to cancer risk factors and looks into relevant occupational factors: chemical, physical and biological exposures, as well as other possibly carcinogenic working environment conditions (such as shift and night work). It also examines opportunities to identify new causes or promoters of cancer, and evaluates existing sources of information, to identify major knowledge gaps and describe some new approaches needed to assess and prevent occupational cancer risks. It also describes occupational cancer prevention measures at European, national and workplace levels and makes recommendations for filling in gaps in relevant knowledge needed to prevent effectively future risks of occupational cancer.
The issue of vulnerable groups of workers (for example women, young workers, workers experiencing high exposure to carcinogens, workers in precarious conditions) is also addressed.
This summary provides a short overview of the findings and recommendations of a report on assessment methods for exposure to carcinogens and work-related cancer. A tabular overview of relevant occupational factors: chemical, physical and biological exposures, as well as other possibly carcinogenic working environment conditions (such as shift and night work), is followed by a short description of exposure assessment tools and some new approaches designed to assess and help prevent occupational cancer risks. The recommendations from the report are summarised in an overview table and make reference to examples from the national, European and workplace level.
Women and men are not the same, and the jobs they do, their working conditions and circumstances and how society treats them are not the same. All these factors can affect the risks they face at work and the approach that needs to be taken to prevent these risks. More widespread recognition of the importance of taking account of gender differences in occupational safety and health (OSH) is relatively recent, although the number of initiatives seen in this area is increasing. However, especially because it is not always a very well understood area, practice needs to be exchanged and experiences shared. This report presents examples of policies, programmes and practices from across the EU and worldwide to illustrate gender approaches in OSH.