The Presidency of the Council of the EU is shared among the national governments of the Member States, transferring from one Member State to another every six months, on 1 January and 1 July each year. The office of the Presidency comes with significant responsibility: the host Member State chairs meetings of the Council of the EU, one of the EU’s major decision-making bodies, during its term. In addition, the Presidency is responsible for ensuring that Member States work in harmony, negotiating compromises when necessary, and at all times acting in the interest of the EU as a whole.
The Presidency’s programme of work is shared by three Member States (the ‘Presidency trio’) over an 18-month period. The Presidency sets out detailed goals that it wants to achieve during its period of office and, with the other Presidency trio members, longer-term objectives that could not realistically be achieved in only six months.
France holds the Presidency from 1 January 2022 to 30 June 2022. Other members of the current Presidency trio are the Czech Republic and Sweden.
Under the slogan ‘Recovery | Strength | Sense of Belonging’, France strives for a more sovereign, a more digital, and a more social and human Europe.
Many European laws are negotiated or adopted during the French Presidency, for example:
- Digital technology: economic regulation and accountability of platforms, especially with regard to hate speech, with legislation on digital services and markets;
- Ecological transition: introduction of carbon pricing at the EU borders for imported products as matter of economic and ecological efficiency;
- Social: establishment of European legislation on minimum wages.
The programme also reiterates the European Union's commitment in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic and social consequences.
Watch the video ‘What is the Council Presidency and how does it work?’