You are here

European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER)

EU-OSHA’s European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER) is an extensive survey looking at how safety and health risks are managed in European workplaces.
Representatives of thousands of businesses and organisations across Europe respond to ESENER questionnaires, which focus particularly on:
The focus on new and emerging risks means that the responses shed light on underexplored and increasingly important areas of OSH, such as psychosocial risks, which are a growing area of concern in European workplaces. 

ESENER provides much-needed data to policy-makers and researchers at national and European level. There is no other EU-level information source on how OSH is managed in businesses. ESENER plays a key role in helping EU-OSHA to provide cross-nationally comparable information that can contribute to OSH policy-making. 

ESENER-2 (2014)

The fieldwork for the second wave of ESENER was carried out in the summer-autumn of 2014. The survey provides an invaluable up-to-date snapshot of how workplace risks, and especially new and emerging risks, are being managed across Europe. 

The 2014 survey is even more detailed and extensive than the first one, with the sample sizes increased by half, and in three countries the national samples have been additionally boosted. ESENER-2 includes micro enterprises of 5 to 10 employees and agricultural businesses for the first time. Five new countries — Albania, Iceland, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia — have been added to the 31 that were included in 2009.

Some of the topics covered are:

  • Musculoskeletal disorders
  • The organisation of OSH management
  • Approaches to worker participation in OSH

The interactive Survey Dashboard allows you to visualise and share ESENER data, while in-depth analyses follow in 2015 and 2016.

Already available:

ESENER-1 (2009)

The first ESENER, carried out in 2009, involved nearly 36,000 interviews with managers and OSH representatives. All EU Member States were covered, as were Turkey, Norway and Switzerland — 31 countries in all. The interviewees worked in private and public sector organisations with 10 or more employees.

Our interactive mapping tool helps you to explore the responses to a selection of questions of ESENER in detail, by country, sector type and establishment size, and download in Excel the data you need.

Check out the main findings:

  • European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER) - Managing safety and health at work (2010):  Overview report in English and Summary in 24 languages

You can also download the results of the secondary analysis:

  • Qualitative post-test evaluation of ESENER (2014): Overview report and Substantive findings in English.
  • Analysis of the determinants of workplace occupational safety and health practice in a selection of EU Member States (2013): Overview report in English, Executive summary in 8 languages and Annex in English
  • A summary of four secondary analysis reports: Understanding workplace management of safety and health, psychosocial risks and worker participation through ESENER (2012): summary in 24 languages
  • Worker representation and consultation on health and safety - An analysis of the findings of the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (2012): Overview report in English and Technical Report Annexes 1 and 2 in English
  • Management of occupational safety and health - Analysis of the findings of the ESENER (2012): Overview report and Technical report annexes 1 and 2 in English
  • Management of psychosocial risks at work - An analysis of the findings of the ESENER (2012): Overview report and Technical report annexes 1 and 2 in English
  • Drivers and barriers for psychosocial risk management: an analysis of the findings of the ESENER (2012): Overview report in English

Other surveys and statistics on OSH:


ESENER-1 dataset can be accessed via the 
UK Data Archive (UKDA) of the University of Essex.

Share this on: