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Literature reviews

Our literature surveys aim at identifying information relevant to a specific topic in occupational safety and health and provide an overview of the most important issues related to this topic.
published Jun 27, 2014
Work-related stress is expensive. Tackling stress and psychosocial risks can be viewed as too costly, but the reality is that it costs more to ignore them. Stress affects performance and leads to absence from work. If prolonged it may result in serious health problems such as cardiovascular or musculoskeletal diseases. All this comes at a cost. This report summarises the studies focusing on calculating costs of work-related stress and psychosocial risks. The main costs for individuals relate to health impairment, lower income and reduced quality of life. Organisations are affected by costs related to absenteeism, presenteeism, reduced productivity or high staff turnover. Health care costs and poorer business outcomes ultimately affect national economies and society.
published Feb 12, 2014
The European Social Partners in the Hairdressing Sector, namely Coiffure EU and UNI Europa Hair & Beauty, convinced of the crucial important of preserving the good health of all persons working in the hairdressing salons, negotiated a framework agreement addressing health-related aspects of working conditions. This report describes the risks faced by hairdressers and outlines what action is being taken within the EU to both protect workers and develop an integrated approach to safety and health in this sector.
published Jul 10, 2013
This report is based on responses to a questionnaire distributed to organisations in 30 countries, and a survey of the literature. Wellbeing at work is valuable for quality of life as well as economic development. Its importance is increasingly recognised across Europe but there is no agreed definition or standard approach. The summary document outlines the concept of wellbeing at work within the EU, details specific actions required to move the concept forward and cites examples of good practice in organisations within Europe that are addressing wellbeing at work.
published Dec 19, 2012
EU-OSHA publishes case studies of good practices to prevent workplace risks. The cases are analysed and effective worker participation consistently appears as a basic requirement for the successful identification of problems and implementation of practical solutions, regardless of the size or type of workplace or type of problem. Many of the cases describe how worker participation took place in practice and its role in introducing successful prevention measures. This report compiles these worker participation components to provide an overview of how worker participation featured in the various cases and show the approaches and methods that were used.
published Dec 18, 2012
This report presents the findings of a literature review that aims to identify the key reasons, arguments and motivations for employers to carry out workplace health promotion (WHP) initiatives, and discusses some of the associated challenges and obstacles. This knowledge can be used to encourage and motivate employers to start WHP. WHP is the combined efforts of employers, workers and society to improve the health and wellbeing of people at work. Developing and sustaining a healthy work environment and workforce has clear benefits for companies and employees, but can also lead to an improvement in social and economic development at local, regional, national and European level.
published Dec 18, 2012
This report presents the findings of a literature review that identifies the motivating factors for employees to participate in workplace health promotion (WHP). This knowledge can be used to improve WHP programmes and, consequently, participation rates. The findings section of the report is divided into two key areas. The first outlines and describes some of the key findings from the literature concerning workers’ motivation to participate in WHP, and the second examines the role that diversity may play in workers’ participation and recruitment. WHP is the combined efforts of employers, workers and society to improve the health and wellbeing of people at work. Developing and sustaining a healthy work environment and workforce has clear benefits for companies and employees, but can also lead to an improvement in social and economic development at local, regional, national and European level.
published Dec 18, 2012
This report sheds light on occupational safety and health (OSH) within complex supply chain networks. Based on a literature, policy and case study review it attempts to give an overview of how OSH can be managed and promoted through the supply chain, and which drivers, incentives and instruments exist for companies to encourage good OSH practices among their suppliers and contractors.
published Oct 22, 2012
This report examines how good leadership practices can promote better occupational safety and health (OSH) behaviour amongst employees. It considers what are the necessary corporate leadership factors on which success depends. It does so by reviewing existing literature on OSH leadership. It also examines 16 detailed case studies from companies across the EU highlighting good practice, the type of activities that deliver achievements, innovative approaches, success factors and the role of stakeholders. In this report recommendations for improving OSH leadership are also made and explored.
published Jun 11, 2012
Manufactured nanomaterials can bring huge benefits to society but there are concerns about their health and environmental hazards. This literature review shows that there are also serious gaps in the awareness of the potential risks involved in handling manufactured nanomaterials in the workplace, and serious shortcomings in the way that those risks are communicated to the workplace. Effective, transparent, balanced and open risk communication strategies tailored to workplaces are needed to help employers and workers make informed decisions and put adequate prevention measures in place.
published Dec 21, 2011
This Guide on Economic Incentives Schemes is intended to serve as a practical and user-friendly guide to help incentive providers to create or optimise their own economic incentive schemes. Incentives schemes should not only reward past results of good OSH management (such as low accident numbers), but should also reward specific prevention efforts that aim to reduce future accidents and ill-health. Therefore the expert group suggested the development of compilations of innovative and evidence-based preventive solutions, starting with the three sectors construction, health care and HORECA.
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