This literature review investigates the reasons for the continuing prevalence of musculoskeletal disorder (MSDs) in workers across the EU. Despite legislation and prevention measures, the levels of work-related MSDs remain high.
The authors identify the factors that affect the prevalence of MSDs in the workforce, including changing ways of working, age and gender, health behaviours and beliefs, psychosocial factors and socio-economic differences. They conclude that we need new approaches to preventing MSDs and make recommendations.
Among these is adopting a more holistic approach to risk assessment combining physical and psychosocial risks, both of which put workers at risk of developing MSDs.