Following a brief introduction to the hairdressing sector and occupational health and safety in the sector, this article includes sections on ‘How to do a Risk Assessment’ and ‘How to use a Checklist’. A checklist is then presented to help identify the hazards in the sector. An extensive list of ‘proposed solutions and examples of preventive measures’ is then considered for different questions posed in the general checklist. A case study is then presented, to show the importance of identifying hazards and taking the appropriate preventive measures. Finally, sources of further information are presented at the end of the article.