In 2014, EU-OSHA launched a 3-year project to help improve OSH outcomes for all MSEs across Europe. The project was commissioned to a group of researchers making up the ‘SESAME’ (Safe Small and Micro Enterprises) consortium, and it has three main objectives: (1) to provide support for evidence-based policy recommendations, (2) to identify good practices in terms of policies, strategies and practical solutions to improve OSH management and facilitate the development of new or existing practical tools and (3) to inform future research on the determinants of good OSH.