Nicolien de Langen, Kees Peereboom, vhp human performance, The NetherlandsNicolien de Langen, Kees Peereboom, vhp human performance, The Netherlands
Prolonged static sitting is a type of sedentary behaviour. Sedentary behaviour occurs when activities are characterized by low energy consumption in combination with a sitting or lying position.
Sedentary behaviour is widespread. It is to be expected that more and more workers will be confronted with sedentary type of tasks due to further automation and computerization. Sedentary behaviour leads to various health risks. Besides musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), prolonged sitting may also lead to health risks in other domains, such as diabetes, heart- and vascular disease, depression and even mortality. Sedentary behaviour is increasing both at work and in private life, this is why attention must be paid to this health risk. Replacing sitting by standing is not always the solution, as prolonged standing can also may result in health risks. This is why it is considered important to change between postures as much as possible. For the best health and safety outcome, workers should be able to adopt a variety of body positions: preferably workers should be able to vary between sitting, standing and moving about.