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All Publication items on Avaliação de risco

E-fact 74: Nanomaterials in maintenance work: occupational risks and prevention (2013-06-19)

This e-fact provides a short introduction to nanomaterials and their risks to workers’ safety and health. It explains how workers may encounter nanomaterials when undertaking maintenance work and also presents information on what should be done to prevent exposures.

E-fact 73: Nanomaterials in the healthcare sector: occupational risks and prevention (2013-06-19)

This e-fact explains how healthcare workers may come across manufactured nanomaterials when undertaking everyday activities in their workplaces. It provides information concerning the specific occupational risks involved and what should be done to prevent exposure.

E-fact 72: Tools for the management of nanomaterials in the workplace and prevention measures (2013-06-19)

After a short introduction to nanomaterials and the safety and health risks they present to workers, this e-fact describes and compares a number of tools that can be used by employers, together with workers, to manage these risks in the workplace, and details the prevention measures recommended.

E-fact 71: Hazard identification checklist: Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building (2013-05-31)

This checklist accompanies the e-fact on the same topic and aims to help identify the potential hazards to workers’ safety and health associated with the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, and on-site waste collection. It also gives examples of preventive measures to address these hazards. Some of these OSH hazards are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies or design. Other hazards are well-known to the construction sector but they arise in new situations or combinations associated with green buildings and therefore demand particular consideration.

E-fact 70: Occupational safety and health issues associated with green building (2013-05-31)

This e-fact provides information on the work-related risk factors and the occupational safety and health (OSH) issues associated the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, on-site waste collection. Some of these OSH risks are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies or design. Other risks are well-known to the construction sector but they arise in new situations or combinations associated with green buildings and therefore demand particular consideration.

E-fact 69: Hazard identification checklist: OSH risks associated with small-scale solar energy applications (2013-05-31)

Small-scale and domestic solar energy installations are widely used but only scant attention has been given to the associated occupational safety and health (OSH) aspects so far. Many workers’ groups in various types of workplaces and sectors are involved with such systems along their life cycle. This checklist accompanies the e-fact on the same topic and aims to help identify the potential hazards to workers’ safety and health from small-scale and domestic solar energy systems throughout their life cycle, from manufacturing, installation and maintenance to decommissioning and recycling. It also gives examples of preventive measures to address these hazards.

Resumo de quatro relatórios de análise secundária - Compreender a gestão da SST no local de trabalho, os riscos psicossociais e a participação dos trabalhadores através do inquérito ESENER (2012-04-17)

Através das suas 36 000 entrevistas, o inquérito ESENER recolheu uma quantidade enorme de dados comparáveis sobre a forma como a saúde e segurança são geridas nos locais de trabalho europeus. Além das principais conclusões, publicadas em 2010, este recurso permite realizar análises estatísticas aprofundadas, bem como identificar questões subjacentes. Para este efeito, foram realizados quatro projetos de análise secundários que exploram os dados ESENER em maior detalhe, cujos resultados serão apresentados no presente resumo. Os quatro relatórios centram-se no seguinte: Gestão da segurança e saúde no trabalho; Representação e consulta dos trabalhadores sobre segurança e saúde; Fatores associados à gestão eficaz dos riscos psicossociais; Gestão dos riscos psicossociais— forças impulsionadoras, obstáculos, necessidades e medidas tomadas

Worker representation and consultation on health and safety: An analysis of the findings of the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER) (2012-04-17)

In 2009, EU-OSHA carried out the first Europe-wide establishment survey on health and safety at the workplace, the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER). Following on from the initial analysis presented in the descriptive overview report in 2010, four secondary analysis projects have been carried out in 2011. This report focuses on workers' participation in health and safety management. It highlights how participation varies across Europe and examines the relationship between worker representation and effective management of workplace risks.

Management of occupational safety and health: An Analysis of the findings of the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER) (2012-04-17)

In 2009, EU-OSHA carried out the first Europe-wide establishment survey on health and safety at the workplace, the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER). Following on from the initial analysis presented in the descriptive overview report in 2010, four secondary analysis projects have been carried out in 2011. This report focuses on management of safety and health at work, examining how practices vary across Europe depending on, for example, establishment size, location and sector.

Participação dos Trabalhadores na Segurança e Saúde no Trabalho — Guia Prático (2012-04-17)

Os trabalhadores dispõem muitas vezes de um conhecimento profundo do seu trabalho e de como torná-lo mais seguro. Este guia mostra a forma como os trabalhadores podem utilizar este conhecimento numa colaboração ativa com os gestores no intuito de melhorar a saúde e segurança no local de trabalho, defi ne as funções de cada um, as responsabilidades e as obrigações legais dos trabalhadores, dos seus representantes e empregadores. O guia fornece exemplos concretos das medidas que cada uma das partes pode tomar para melhorar signifi cativamente a saúde e segurança no trabalho. Contém igualmente uma «lista de verifi cação» útil que os trabalhadores e respetivos representantes podem utilizar no sentido de garantir que estão a envidar todos os esforços para reduzir os riscos.

A Liderança da Gestão em Matéria de Segurança e Saúde no Trabalho — Guia prático (2012-04-17)

A segurança e saúde no trabalho contribuem para o êxito e a prosperidade das empresas e das organizações, benefi ciando igualmente a sociedade em geral. O presente guia fornece aos líderes das empresas informação prática sobre a forma de reforçar a segurança e saúde no trabalho através de uma liderança verdadeiramente efi caz, da participação dos trabalhadores e de avaliações e atualizações contínuas, tornando as empresas e as organizações seguras e saudáveis para todos. Uma ferramenta de avaliação permite obter uma ideia do nível de prevenção existente nas empresas e fornece ideias para a sua melhoria.

Worker representation and consultation on health and safety: An analysis of the findings of the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks - Technical Report Annexes 1 and 2 (2012-04-17)

In 2009, EU-OSHA carried out the first Europe-wide establishment survey on health and safety at the workplace, the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER). Following on from the initial analysis presented in the descriptive overview report in 2010, four secondary analysis projects have been carried out in 2011. This is the technical annex to a report that focuses on workers' participation in health and safety management. It highlights how participation varies across Europe and examines the relationship between worker representation and effective management of workplace risks.

Management of occupational safety and health - An Analysis of the findings of the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER) - Technical report annexes 1 and 2 (2012-04-17)

In 2009, EU-OSHA carried out the first Europe-wide establishment survey on health and safety at the workplace, the European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (ESENER). Following on from the initial analysis presented in the descriptive overview report in 2010, four secondary analysis projects have been carried out in 2011. This is the technical annex to a report that focuses on management of safety and health at work, examining how practices vary across Europe depending on, for example, establishment size, location and sector.

European good practice awards 2010/11 - a European campaign on safe maintenance (2011-04-28)

As part of the European Campaign 2010–11 on Safe Maintenance, EU-OSHA organised the European Good Practice Awards Competition (the tenth such competition), aiming to identify examples of good practice in the management of occupational safety and health during maintenance. The awards recognise organisations that have made an outstanding and innovative contribution to Safe Maintenance. Through the competition EU-OSHA promotes good practice solutions at the workplace and shares information about good practice across Europe. Forty entries from 22 Member States and Turkey were received, including organisations of all sizes and from a wide variety of industrial sectors.

E-fact 53: Risk assessment for biological agents (2010-10-25)

Following a brief introduction to biological agents and the hazards generated by these agents, e-fact includes sections on ‘How to do a Risk Assessment’ and ‘How to use a Checklist’. A checklist is then presented to help identify the hazards potentially posed by biological agents. An extensive list of ‘proposed solutions and examples of preventive measures’ is then considered in the light of some of the questions raised in the general checklist. An example of risk assessment relating to legionella is then presented. Finally, sources of further information are presented at the end of the e-fact.

Mainstreaming OSH into business management (2010-07-06)

Organisations deal with OSH in different ways: some organisations have little expertise in OSH and react to problems such as occupational accidents, work-related diseases and absenteeism in an ad hoc way, while others strive to manage OSH more systematically, and even proactively, by implementing OSH into the organisation’s overall management. This report aims to provide evidence and information on how OSH can be incorporated into general management and business, thereby achieving safer and healthier working environments, and better general organisational performance. This report comprises three main parts, each with a different specific focus: (1) a literature review, (2) an overview of related policies, and (3) a report of case studies and good practice. Readers should refer to the appropriate sections of the report for more detailed discussions and further information about each area.

OSH in figures: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders in the EU - Facts and figures (2010-05-04)

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) remain the most common occupational disease in the European Union and workers in all sectors and occupations can be affected. Recent figures, for example from Austria, Germany or France, also demonstrate an increasing impact of musculoskeletal disorders on costs. This latest report, following on from the Agency’s previous research, aims to give an updated overview of the current European situation as regards musculoskeletal disorders, the trends over the years since the first campaign in 2000, and a detailed insight into the causes and circumstances behind MSDs. The report highlights the main issues and aims to provide a well-founded evidence base, helping policy makers, actors at enterprise and sector level, as well as researchers and those who record, prevent and compensate occupational diseases in the European Union to set the agenda for the next years.

Factsheet 92 - Integração da SST nos processos de gestão empresarial. Síntese de um relatório da Agência (2010-02-05)

A ficha técnica 92 apresenta o resumo de um relatório que tem por objectivo fornecer informações sobre a forma como a SST pode ser integrada no processo global de gestão empresarial. O relatório inclui uma recensão bibliográfica, uma panorâmica das políticas conexas e exemplos de boas práticas.

Ficha técnica 90 – A Manutenção e a SST — Uma imagem estatística (2010-02-03)

As doenças profissionais e os problemas relacionados com o trabalho (tais como amiantose, cancro, problemas auditivos e distúrbios músculo-esqueléticos) têm maior prevalência entre os trabalhadores envolvidos no desempenho de actividades de manutenção. Os trabalhadores que executam operações de manutenção encontram-se também expostos ao risco de ocorrência de acidentes de todos os tipos. Segundo dados do EUROSTAT relativos a cinco países da UE, pelo menos 15% a 20% de todos os acidentes e 10% a 15% de todos os acidentes mortais estão relacionados com operações de manutenção (dados de 2006). É fundamental implementar procedimentos adequados de avaliação dos riscos inerentes às operações de manutenção, assim como medidas de prevenção adequadas, que garantam a segurança e a saúde dos trabalhadores envolvidos nas actividades de manutenção.

Factsheet 87 - Diversidade dos trabalhadores e avaliação de riscos: garantir uma abrangência total. Síntese de um relatório da Agência (2010-01-11)

A diversidade e a gestão da diversidade no local de trabalho são actualmente questões importantes, no âmbito da segurança e saúde no trabalho. Contudo, a diversidade raramente tem sido alvo de estudo na perspectiva da avaliação de riscos. Ainda são escassos os instrumentos práticos de avaliação de riscos que levam em consideração os riscos específicos a que estão expostos, por exemplo, pessoas com deficiência, trabalhadores migrantes, trabalhadores idosos, mulheres e trabalhadores temporários.

Workforce diversity and risk assessment: Ensuring everyone is covered (2009-10-20)

The main aim of this report is to describe why and how risk assessment can and should cover the whole workforce, and to increase awareness among those responsible for and aff ected by health and safety at work – employers, employees, safety reps and OSH practitioners – about the importance of assessing the risks of ALL workers. The report is aimed mainly at those who are responsible for carrying out risk assessments and/or are involved in the process.

Factsheet 85 - Avaliação, eliminação e redução substancial dos riscos profissionais. Síntese de um relatório da Agência (2009-10-20)

A avaliação de riscos constitui a base de uma gestão eficaz da segurança e saúde no trabalho e a chave para a redução dos acidentes relacionados com o trabalho, bem como das doenças profissionais. Quando bem executada, a avaliação de riscos possibilita a melhoria da segurança e saúde no trabalho, mas também do desempenho da empresa, em geral. O relatório, inserido no âmbito da campanha europeia «Locais de trabalho seguros e saudáveis», centrada na avaliação de riscos e que decorre ao longo de 2008 e 2009, relata iniciativas de sucesso levadas a cabo para eliminar ou reduzir substancialmente os riscos, no local de trabalho. Tem como destinatários os responsáveis pela avalição de riscos no local de trabalho e pela tomada de decisões em matéria de medidas preventivas.

Assessment, elimination and substantial reduction of occupational risks (2009-10-07)

This report features cases from a variety of workplaces that demonstrate how a risk assessment process has led to a risk being identified and successfully eliminated or substantially reduced. The main aim of the report is to illustrate how risk elimination or risk reduction at source can be achieved at workplace level.

The human-machine interface as an emerging risk (2009-10-04)

Interaction with – and dependence on – technology is increasing in almost all fields of work. Given that a poor human-machine interface can have serious consequences in terms of occupational accidents and diseases, including stress, its proper inclusion in design equipment and workplace is of utmost importance. Based on a literature survey and a small expert survey, this report explores how the human-machine interface influences occupational risks, describing who is exposed, and giving some examples of what can be done to reduce the risk.

Preventing risks to young workers: policy, programmes and workplace practices (2009-10-01)

Young workers (15–24 years) are a very vulnerable group when it comes to occupational safety and health (OSH). However, the majority of OSH risks are preventable — whether they involve young or older workers — by applying the principles of risk assessment and putting in place the necessary preventive measures. To support information exchange on best practice, the agency has produced a report about how the occupational safety and health of young workers can be managed at policy and practice level. The report includes a variety of case studies and also identifies some success factors for prevention.

Factsheet 83 - Boas práticas de prevenção de riscos profissionais para os jovens trabalhadores — Resumo de um relatório (2009-09-23)

Os jovens correm maiores riscos de sofrerem lesões no trabalho por diversas razões. Falta-lhes experiência e maturidade, consciência dos riscos, competências e formação. Podem desconhecer os seus direitos e os deveres das entidades empregadoras em matéria de segurança e de saúde no trabalho, além de sentirem inibição em falar dos seus problemas e desejarem agradar ao seu novo patrão. É, pois, necessário que sejam colocados em postos de trabalho seguros e adequados, compatíveis com as suas capacidades e aptidões mentais e físicas, e que recebam formação e supervisão adequadas.

Exploratory survey of Occupational Exposure Limits (OELs) for Carcinogens, Mutagens and Reprotoxic substances (CMRs) at EU Member States level (2009-09-04)

This report is based on a one-off survey carried out late 2007-early 2008 among EU-OSHA's network partners at the request of the European Commission. Rather than presenting an in-depth study of the systems in place for setting occupational exposure limits (OELs) for carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic substances, this report provides a general overview of the situation in 21 Member States. In recent years, all Member States have made available their OEL lists on the internet, some in English, and are capitalising on each others' resources. Readers are advised to bear in mind the introductory notes when extracting information from the extensive tables provided in the report.

Report - Occupational safety and health and economic performance in small and medium-sized enterprises: a review (2009-07-07)

The present review examines the link between Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) and economic performance, especially as it relates to small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). It is essential to stress from the outset that while there is no clear definition of economic performance, there are indicators that can examine the concept and its importance to businesses. OSH is not usually viewed as a contributory factor to the economic viability of an organisation. Compliance with government guidelines, regulations and laws is generally the primary focus of OSH policies. Perceptions of the connection between effective OSH and the resulting financial benefits could, and should be improved. The strong economic advantages of good occupational health practice need to be highlighted continuously to organisations because the failure to acknowledge the importance of this link will limit the effectiveness of interventions aimed at preventing disease and injury (Lahiri, Levenstein, Nelson and Rosenberg, 2005; Toffel and Birkner, 2002). Additionally, while the cost of ensuring safety is important, “unsafety” is also costly (Rimington, 1993). For example, a reduction of accidents, damage and improvements to poor health can lead to a reduction in costs and a greater availability of people and plant. This, in turn, can improve efficiency and thereby heighten the effectiveness of businesses (Smallman and John, 2001).

Report - Expert forecast on emerging chemical risks related to occupational safety and health (2009-03-23)

It is estimated that about 74,000 work-related deaths may be linked to hazardous substances at work each year in the EU – about 10 times more than workplace accidents. About 15% of European workers report handling chemical products for a quarter of their working time and 19% report breathing in dust, fumes and smoke in their workplaces. The 49 experts from 21 European countries who participated in this forecast highlighted particles and dusts as major emerging concerns and put nanoparticles at the top of the list of emerging risks. Other main groups of emerging risks identified were carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic substances, and the increasing use of allergenic and sensitising substances. Specific occupations of emerging concerns were also highlighted and include the increasing waste management industry, construction, and service activities such as cleaning or home nursing. In addition, there is a growing number of workers in SMEs and sub-contracted jobs, where the management of chemical risks is generally poorer. Last but not least, concern about multiple exposures is increasing as it was also shown in the three other forecasts on emerging biological, physical and psychosocial emerging risks.

E-fact 45: Lista de verificação para a prevenção de más posturas de trabalhoccc (2008-11-04)

Uma boa postura de trabalho é fundamental para prevenir lesões músculo-esqueléticas relacionadas com o trabalho (LME), que podem ser lesões estruturais do corpo humano, nomeadamente de músculos, articulações, tendões, ligamentos e nervos, ou problemas localizados do aparelho circulatório, causadas ou agravadas, principalmente, pela actividade profissional e pelos efeitos das condições imediatas em que essa actividade tem lugar.

E-fact 44 - Checklist for the prevention of manual handling risks (2008-11-04)

Manual handling of loads (MHL) includes lifting, holding, putting down, pushing, pulling, carrying and moving a load. It is one of the major causes of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This checklist is aimed at helping to carry out a risk assessment and it includes questions related to all aspects of manual handling and offers examples of preventive measures that can help to improve handling and therefore reduce risks.

E-fact 43 - Checklist for preventing WRULDs (2008-11-04)

Work-related neck and upper limb disorders (WRULDs) are impairments of bodily structures such as to a tendon, nerve, muscle, joint, bursa or the localised blood circulation system. Principally, they are caused by the performance of work and by the effects of the immediate environment where that work is carried out. This checklist helps to identify the particular factors that can contribute to workers developing WRULDs. Furthermore, it gives examples about the practical steps that can be taken to prevent or reduce the risks of workers sustaining WRULDs.

E-fact 42: Lista de controlo para a prevenção de lesões dos membros inferiores (2008-11-04)

As lesões dos membros inferiores de origem profissional são lesões de estruturas orgânicas como tendões, músculos, nervos, articulações ou bolsas sinoviais, causadas ou agravadas principalmente pela actividade profissional e pelos efeitos das condições imediatas em que essa actividade tem lugar. Podem afectar as extremidades inferiores, principalmente a anca, o joelho e o pé. Os principais factores de risco de lesões dos membros inferiores de origem profissional são a posição de trabalho agachado, ajoelhado, de pé durante muito tempo - imóvel ou em andamento - ou o accionamento de pedais.

E-fact 41 - Cleaners and dangerous substances (2008-10-17)

Cleaners are at risk from exposure to cleaning products through inhalation and skin contact, wet work activities, needle stick injuries and dirt. Skin problems are the most common problem for cleaners, who are also at increased risk of developing asthma, chronic bronchitis and other respiratory problems This E-Fact looks at how to recognise dangerous substances and explains how they can enter the body and cause harm. It also offers ways to prevent or minimise risk.

Avaliação de riscos e ferimentos por picada de agulha (2008-10-17)

A saúde dos trabalhadores, em especial dos trabalhadores dos sectores da saúde e da protecção social, corre riscos decorrentes da exposição, no local de trabalho, a agentes patogénicos transmitidos pelo sangue, frequentemente através de um ferimento.

E-fact 39 - Cleaners and musculoskeletal disorders (2008-10-17)

This E-Fact offers important information about about work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Numerous investigations have shown that cleaners are at risk of developing MSDs of the back, neck, shoulders, elbows, hands and lower limbs as a result of their work. The E-Fact identifies the risk factors that cleaners face in the course of their work and provides advice on the practical steps that can be taken to prevent or reduce these risks.

E-fact 37 - Slips, trips, falls and cleaners (2008-10-17)

This E-Fact explains the most commons causes of slips, trips and falls. It examines why cleaners are especially at risk from these type of accidents and outlines the steps that can be taken to prevent them happening. It also lists the relevant legislation protecting cleaners.

E-fact 36: Prevenção de acidentes e de doenças nos trabalhadores do sector da limpeza (2008-10-17)

Os profissionais de limpeza trabalham em todos os ramos industriais e locais de trabalho, desde hotéis a hospitais e de fábricas a explorações agrícolas. Trabalham dentro de instalações e no exterior, incluindo em espaços públicos. Trabalhando frequentemente à noite ou de madrugada, muitas vezes sozinhos, os trabalhadores do sector da limpeza estão presentes em todos os meios laborais e o trabalho que executam é essencial.

Report - Skin diseases and dermal exposure: policy and practice overview (2008-10-09)

Skin diseases are the second most common work-related health problem in Europe. They represent more than 7% of all occupational illnesses and are one of the most important emerging risks related to the exposure to chemical, physical and biological risk factors. The fact that there is no scientific method to measure the level of the body’s exposures to risks via dermal contact and their physiological consequences, increases the importance of recognising risk factors and developing methods of assessing the level of exposure and controlling it. This report presents an overview of dermal exposures and occupational skin diseases. It also presents the principal policies relating to the recognition and recording of skin diseases, as well as the recognition, assessment and control of dermal exposure to chemical, biological and physical risk factors in the Member States of the European Union.

Magazine 11 - Healthy Workplaces. Good for you. Good for business (2008-09-24)

To help companies in general and SMEs in particular to assess their risks, initiatives have been taken to develop simple tools to facilitate risk assessment or increase awareness about the importance of managing risks. This Magazine shows such initiatives taken mainly at Member State level. The contributions come from across Europe and describe the efforts of a broad spectrum of individuals and groups, including government ministries, employers´ organisation and trade unionists, to improve the management of risks in the workplace.

E-fact 35 - Risk Assessment for Care Workers (2008-09-23)

Following a brief introduction about home care workers and OSH in care worker activities, the article includes sections on ‘How to do a Risk Assessment’ and ‘How to use a Checklist’. A general checklist is then presented to help determine ‘Does the hazard exist at the workplace?’. An extensive list of ‘Proposed solutions and examples of preventive measures’ is then considered, for the different questions posed in the general checklist. A case study is then presented, showing how appropriate education and training and the use of risk assessment tools and a resource guide can alter a home care worker’s perception of occupational safety and health issues and through this reduce the potential for injuries and claims. Finally, sources of further information are presented at the end of the article.

E-fact 34 - Risk assessment for Hairdressers (2008-09-23)

Following a brief introduction to the hairdressing sector and occupational health and safety in the sector, this article includes sections on ‘How to do a Risk Assessment’ and ‘How to use a Checklist’. A checklist is then presented to help identify the hazards in the sector. An extensive list of ‘proposed solutions and examples of preventive measures’ is then considered for different questions posed in the general checklist. A case study is then presented, to show the importance of identifying hazards and taking the appropriate preventive measures. Finally, sources of further information are presented at the end of the article.

E-fact 33 - Risk assessment for Teleworkers (2008-09-23)

Following a brief introduction to teleworking and occupational health and safety issues faced by teleworkers, the article includes sections on ‘How to do a Risk Assessment’ and ‘How to use a Checklist’. A checklist is then presented to help identify the hazards applied to teleworking. An extensive list of ‘proposed solutions and examples of preventive measures’ is then considered for some of the questions raised in the general checklist. A case study is then presented, showing the challenges faced by teleworking. Finally, sources of further information are presented at the end of the article.

E-Fact 32 - Common errors in the risk assessment process (2008-09-23)

When conducting the risk assessment common errors are made by all types of enterprises and organisations. Some of the most common errors during the process are presented here, in the order in which they generally occur. Some of the common errors mentioned: overlooking possible risk categories, not thinking about long-term hazards to health, overlooking second jobs, not ensuring coordination between employers and subcontractor, not including groups of persons who may particularly be at risk, not taking into account the preventive hierarchy, considering the risk assessment as a one-time obligation, not supervising sufficiently the efficiency of the preventive measures, ...

Factsheet 81 - Avaliação de riscos: a chave para locais de trabalho seguros e saudáveis (2008-04-05)

A avaliação de riscos constitui a base de uma gestão eficaz da segurança e da saúde e é fundamental para reduzir os acidentes de trabalho e as doenças profissionais. Se for bem realizada, esta avaliação pode melhorar a segurança e a saúde, bem como, de um modo geral, o desempenho das empresas.

Factsheet 80 - Avaliação de riscos: funções e responsabilidades (2008-04-04)

A segurança e a saúde dos trabalhadores são protegidas na Europa através de uma abordagem baseada na avaliação e na gestão dos riscos. Mas para que seja possível efectuar uma avaliação eficaz dos riscos no local de trabalho, todos os interessados devem conhecer bem o contexto jurídico, os conceitos, o processo de avaliação dos riscos e as funções que competem aos principais agentes que participam no processo.

E-fact 30 - Occupational safety and health in the textiles sector (2008-04-02)

The textiles industry employs more than 2 million people in Europe, the majority of whom are women. Significant hazards include manual handling, using machinery, being struck by an object, contact with chemical agents, noise and slips and trips. The resulting health problems include musculoskeletal disorders, hearing damage and occupational asthma and respiratory irritation. This E-fact outlines the hazards and risks and the general approach on managing occupational safety and health in the sector.

E-Fact 20 - Checklist for the prevention of accidents in laboratories (2007-11-28)

Laboratories involve a greater variety of hazards than most workplaces. This e-fact sheet focuses on safety in chemical and biological laboratories in particular. It outlines EU legislation on laboratory safety, particularly as it relates to chemical and biological hazards, and pregnant and young workers. It summarises hazards that the lab worker can encounter and gives examples of serious lab accidents that could have been prevented if proper safety measures had been taken. It concludes with a set of checklists to help workers in laboratories assess possible risks, and to monitor safety processes. The checklists cover: General laboratory safety; Information for workers; Chemical safety; Biological safety; Hygiene; Emergency procedures; Personal Protective Equipment (PPE); Hazardous waste.

E-fact 18 - Risk assessment in health care (2007-02-28)

This article outlines the risk factors specific to the health care sector and describes practical steps of risk assessment. Risk assessment is a key to preventing and reducing health care workers exposure to work hazards.

E-fact 7 - Worker safety representatives and the protection of young workers (2006-10-24)

Young people may be at particular risk in the workplace because they lack experience and training, because they do not have the confidence to raise problems and want to appear keen and enthusiastic to their employer, or because of physical or mental immaturity. Worker safety representatives have the right to be consulted on workplace health and safety matters, including those relating to young workers. If you are a worker safety representative, this summary provides some information about looking out for young people in your workplace, and helping to ensure their safety and health.

E-fact 5 - Hazards and Risks in the Retail Trade: advice for young workers (2006-10-24)

Many young people work in shops, supermarkets and stores. But working in the retail sector can be hazardous, especially when you are young and new to the job. Some hazards, such as the risk of slips or falls, are found in many other industries. Others are more specific to the retail sector. You may be at risk from moving vehicles in delivery areas, falling objects, and strains on your body from lifting loads and making repetitive movements. You may also be at risk of being assaulted or threatened by members of the public. But there are things that can be done to control these hazards and risks effectively.

Factsheet 38 - Avaliação de riscos para pequenos navios de pesca (2003-06-17)

A pesca é uma das profissões mais perigosas. O risco de um acidente é 2,4 vezes superior no sector da pesca do que, em média, em todos os outros sectores da indústria da UE Trabalhar num ambiente difícil, com turnos longos e irregulares, aumenta o leque, a probabilidade e a gravidade das doenças e acidentes relacionados com o trabalho de que os trabalhadores são vítimas. A finalidade da presente ficha técnica é ajudar aqueles que têm obrigações na área da saúde e segurança a reduzirem os riscos neste perigoso sector da indústria mediante a realização de uma avaliação de riscos e a adopção de medidas preventivas. O empregador tem a responsabilidade de realizar uma avaliação de riscos e de comunicar a informação necessária aos trabalhadores.

Factsheet 35 - A comunicação da informação sobre substâncias perigosas (2003-03-07)

A Agência está a elaborar uma série de fichas informativas sobre a saúde e a segurança no trabalho relativas a substâncias perigosas para a Semana Europeia da Segurança e da Saúde no Trabalho de 2003. Uma comunicação eficaz acerca dos riscos para a saúde dos trabalhadores e da gestão desses riscos no local de trabalho constitui um desafio comum a empregadores, trabalhadores e seus representantes. A presente ficha informativa apresenta alguns aspectos a ter em conta com vista a uma comunicação eficaz.

Factsheet 34 - Eliminação e substituição de substâncias perigosas (2003-03-07)

O tema da Semana Europeia para a Segurança e a Saúde no Trabalho de 2003 é a prevenção dos riscos relacionados com as substâncias perigosas. A Agência está a produzir uma série de fichas técnicas sobre a comunicação de informações em matéria de SST relacionadas com as substâncias perigosas, incluindo os agentes biológicos. A presente ficha apresenta o processo de eliminação ou substituição das substâncias perigosas.

Interview with Jukka Takala, Director of the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work ()

Jukka Takala: Risk assessment is the key to preventing accidents and illness at work. Risk assessment is he process of systematically evaluating the risks to workers’ safety and health from workplace hazards. Risk assessment enables employers to understand the action that they need to take, to eliminate or minimise the risks to their employees. It is the start of the process of safety and health management.