A promoção da saúde no local de trabalho requer uma abordagem holística. As iniciativas neste domínio devem ter em conta a vida privada dos trabalhadores, a sua vida profissional e a interação entre ambas. É sabido que as condições de trabalho influenciam o estado geral de saúde dos trabalhadores: por exemplo, o trabalho sedentário favorece a obesidade. De igual modo, os hábitos pessoais, os comportamentos e as opções de estilo de vida dos trabalhadores afetam a sua saúde e bem-estar e, eventualmente, o seu desempenho profissional.
In 2009 and 2010, the Agency commissioned an update to its previous research on gender issues at work , which found that inequality both inside and outside the workplace can have an effect on the health and safety of women at work. This summary provides a policy perspective and is meant to contribute to the task outlined by the European strategy on health and safety at work for EU-OSHA’s European Risk Observatory, “examining the specific challenges in terms of health and safety posed by the more extensive integration of women in the labour market”. It provides a statistical overview of the trends in employment and working conditions, hazard exposure and work-related accidents and health problems for women at work. It explores selected issues (combined exposures, occupational cancer, access to rehabilitation, women and informal work, and “emerging” female professions such as home care and domestic work). The research highlights the type of work carried out by women, issues faced by younger and older women, the growth of the service sector, violence and harassment, and increasingly diversified working time patterns as major risk factors.
Workplace safety depends on risk awareness. Employers and workers need to know what dangerous substances are in the workplace and how to deal with them.
This e-fact offers hints for successful communication in the workplace about dangerous substances, including the use of safety data sheets, and provides a list of sources of further information. It outlines how two new regulations on chemicals aim to improve communication about the risks of dangerous substances at workplaces. These are on registration, evaluation and authorisation of chemicals (REACH) and classification, labelling and packaging (CLP).
The differences between cultures are helpful in understanding discrepancies when several nationalities are working together. Cross-cultural studies describe characteristics of cultures and differences between different cultures. Therefore, the cross-cultural literature is very helpful in describing general differences that may occur in multinationals, as well as in multicultural teams. In this report the focus is on managing cultural diversity in occupational safety and health, i.e. aspects of leadership and participation that benefit multicultural work teams.