La prevención de los accidentes en el lugar de trabajo sigue siendo un problema importante, como refleja el hecho de haber sido elegido el tema de la Semana Europea para la Seguridad y la Salud en el Trabajo 2001. En apoyo de esta iniciativa se ha realizado un estudio sobre los programas de prevención de accidentes en los Estados miembros de la Unión Europea. Los 22 casos que analiza el informe incluyen intervenciones a escala tanto nacional como regional y a nivel sectorial y empresarial.
In 2009 and 2010, the Agency commissioned an update to its previous research on gender issues at work , which found that inequality both inside and outside the workplace can have an effect on the health and safety of women at work. This summary provides a policy perspective and is meant to contribute to the task outlined by the European strategy on health and safety at work for EU-OSHA’s European Risk Observatory, “examining the specific challenges in terms of health and safety posed by the more extensive integration of women in the labour market”. It provides a statistical overview of the trends in employment and working conditions, hazard exposure and work-related accidents and health problems for women at work. It explores selected issues (combined exposures, occupational cancer, access to rehabilitation, women and informal work, and “emerging” female professions such as home care and domestic work). The research highlights the type of work carried out by women, issues faced by younger and older women, the growth of the service sector, violence and harassment, and increasingly diversified working time patterns as major risk factors.
Workplace safety depends on risk awareness. Employers and workers need to know what dangerous substances are in the workplace and how to deal with them.
This e-fact offers hints for successful communication in the workplace about dangerous substances, including the use of safety data sheets, and provides a list of sources of further information. It outlines how two new regulations on chemicals aim to improve communication about the risks of dangerous substances at workplaces. These are on registration, evaluation and authorisation of chemicals (REACH) and classification, labelling and packaging (CLP).
This checklist accompanies the e-fact on the same topic and aims to help identify the potential hazards to workers’ safety and health associated with the planning and construction of green buildings, their maintenance, renovation (retrofitting), demolition, and on-site waste collection. It also gives examples of preventive measures to address these hazards. Some of these OSH hazards are new compared with traditional construction sites and are associated with new green materials, technologies or design. Other hazards are well-known to the construction sector but they arise in new situations or combinations associated with green buildings and therefore demand particular consideration.