Emergency services: occupational safety and health risks

EU & international information
EU
English
2011

Description

This report shows that emergency workers have a high risk of suffering fatal accidents, injuries and other occupational diseases. Past disasters demonstrate that both communities and companies are often not fully prepared for major accidents and catastrophes. Better protection for emergency service workers against occupational hazards should be given high priority, as current environmental, economic and political developments suggest that there will be an increase in the severity and frequency of disasters in the future.

Other data

Sector / Industry covered: 
Security systems service activities
Fire service activities
Provider: 
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
Tasks covered: 
Handling Chemicals
Medical and Dental Services
Working Indoors
Working Outdoors
Biological hazard: 
Biochemical hazards
Viruses
Bacteria
Parasites
Hazard - physical state: 
Dusts
Fibres
Gases
Liquids
Solids
Vapours
Hazard - health effects: 
Allergens
Skin sensitisers
Asthmagens
Asphyxiants
Carcinogens
Reprotoxic substances
Neurotoxic substances
Irritants
Toxic substances
Fire and explosion
Heat
Infection
Exposure route: 
Dermal contact
Ingestion
Inhalation
Ocular (through eyes)
Sharps and cuts
Skin absorption
Substance Description: 

 

carbon monoxide, ammonia, cyanide, isocyanides, hydrogen fluoride, hydrogen chloride, acetaldehyde, formaldehyde, phosgene, methane, sulphur dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated dibenzofurans and dibenzodioxins including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), asbestos, synthetic polymers nerve agents (sarin), blood agents (hydrogen cyanide), blister agents (nitrogen and sulphur mustards), heavy metals (arsenic), volatile toxins (benzene), pulmonary agents (phosgene), poisonous gases (cyanides), and corrosive acids carbon monoxide, ammonia, phosgene, sulfur dioxide

 

CAS Number: 
630-08-0
7664-41-7
74-90-8
7664-39-3
7647-01-0
75-07-0
50-00-0, 500-00-0
75-44-5
74-82-8
7446-09-5
1332-21-4
7727-37-9
7704-34-9
7440-38-2
71-43-2, 1076-43-3
75-44-5
7446-09-5
EC number: 
211-128-3
231-635-3
200-821-6
231-634-8
231-595-7
200-836-8
200-001-8
200-870-3
200-812-7
231-195-2
603-721-4
231-783-9
231-722-6
231-148-6
200-753-7
200-870-3
231-195-2
Prevention measures: 
Level 1. Elimination of hazards
Level 2. Technical measures, e.g. local exhaust ventilation
Level 2. Reducing / minimising the risk by organisational measures, e.g. reducing the number of workers exposed
Level 3. Reducing / minimising the risk by personal measures (PPE)
Training / guidance
Hygiene measures
Purpose of the material: 
Awareness raising
General information
Report
Target group: 
Employers
OSH consultant
Policy makers
Researchers
Safety officers
Supervisor
Workers representatives

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