This report reviews the potential safety and health risks arising from handling containers in ports that have been fumigated with pesticides.
The authors review international legislation and literature (scientific publications as well as guidelines and articles), identify the Occupational Safety and Health risks and describe practical examples of preventive measures and strategies. They conclude that there are important gaps in our knowledge as well as in prevention practices. The problem is often also underestimated because of poor record-keeping of adverse health effects and because fumigated containers are rarely labelled correctly.
The authors recommend prioritising control measures such as risk assessment of containers before opening, routine screening of containers arriving in ports, and measures to enforce the regulations on labelling containers.