Report — Expert forecast on emerging chemical risks related to occupational safety and health

EU & international information
EU
English
2009

Περιγραφή

It is estimated that about 74,000 work-related deaths may be linked to hazardous substances at work each year in the EU — about 10 times more than workplace accidents. About 15% of European workers report handling chemical products for a quarter of their working time and 19% report breathing in dust, fumes and smoke in their workplaces. The 49 experts from 21 European countries who participated in this forecast study highlighted that particles and dusts are major emerging concerns and put nanoparticles at the top of the list of emerging risks. Other main emerging risks identified were carcinogenic, mutagenic and reprotoxic substances, and the increasing use of allergenic and sensitising substances. Specific occupations of emerging concern were also highlighted and include the increasing waste management industry, construction and service activities such as cleaning and home nursing. In addition, there is a growing number of workers in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and sub-contracted jobs, where the management of chemical risks is generally poorer. Finally, concern about multiple exposures is increasing, as was also highlighed by three other forecasts on emerging biological, physical and psychosocial risks.

Other data

Sector / Industry covered: 
ΜΕΤΑΠΟΙΗΣΗ
Επισκευή και εγκατάσταση μηχανημάτων και εξοπλισμού
ΠΑΡΟΧΗ ΝΕΡΟΥ· ΕΠΕΞΕΡΓΑΣΙΑ ΛΥΜΑΤΩΝ, ΔΙΑΧΕΙΡΙΣΗ ΑΠΟΒΛΗΤΩΝ ΚΑΙ ΔΡΑΣΤΗΡΙΟΤΗΤΕΣ ΕΞΥΓΙΑΝΣΗΣ
ΚΑΤΑΣΚΕΥΕΣ
ΧΟΝΔΡΙΚΟ ΚΑΙ ΛΙΑΝΙΚΟ ΕΜΠΟΡΙΟ· ΕΠΙΣΚΕΥΗ ΜΗΧΑΝΟΚΙΝΗΤΩΝ ΟΧΗΜΑΤΩΝ ΚΑΙ ΜΟΤΟΣΥΚΛΕΤΩΝ
Συντήρηση και επισκευή μηχανοκίνητων οχημάτων
ΜΕΤΑΦΟΡΑ ΚΑΙ ΑΠΟΘΗΚΕΥΣΗ
Δραστηριότητες καθαρισμού
Νοσοκομειακές δραστηριότητες
Δραστηριότητες άσκησης ιατρικών και οδοντιατρικών επαγγελμάτων
Δραστηριότητες κομμωτηρίων, κουρείων και κέντρων αισθητικής
Provider: 
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
Tasks covered: 
Applying Glues or Sealants
Cleaning or Disinfecting
Construction
Handling Chemicals
Heating, Machining, or Welding Metal
Installing or Removing Insulation
Manufacturing
Medical and Dental Services
Hazard - physical state: 
Aerosols
Dusts
Fibres
Gases
Liquids
Nanoparticles (airborne liquids/solids including smoke or mist)
Solids
Vapours
Hazard - health effects: 
Allergens
Skin sensitisers
Asthmagens
Carcinogens
Mutagens
Reprotoxic substances
Irritants
Toxic substances
Fire and explosion
Exposure route: 
Dermal contact
Ingestion
Inhalation
Skin absorption
Substance Description: 

diesel exhaust, nanoparticles, isocyanates, epoxy resins, man-made mineral fibers, wood dust, crystalline silica, asbestos etc.

CAS Number: 
1332-21-4
1317-95-9
18540-29-9
7439-92-1
13463-67-7
80-05-7
9006-04-6
108-88-3
106-42-3
71-43-2, 1076-43-3
50-00-0, 500-00-0
EC number: 
603-721-4
603-514-9
231-100-4
236-675-5
201-245-8
232-689-0
203-625-9
203-396-5
200-753-7
200-001-8
Prevention measures: 
Level 1. Elimination of hazards
Level 1. Substitution
Level 2. Technical measures, e.g. local exhaust ventilation
Level 2. Reducing / minimising the risk by organisational measures, e.g. reducing the number of workers exposed
Level 3. Reducing / minimising the risk by personal measures (PPE)
Training / guidance
Hygiene measures
Purpose of the material: 
General information
Report
Target group: 
Occupational health physician
OSH consultant
Policy makers
Researchers
Safety officers

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