E-Fact 67 - Maintenance and hazardous substances — maintenance in the chemical industry

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2012

Περιγραφή

The chemical industry is one of the industries with the most stringent safety regulations. Regular revision, servicing and maintenance work is required because of the high levels of stress placed on equipment by exposure to very aggressive substances, and high temperatures and pressures. This e-fact focuses on the specific risks related to various dangerous substances that maintenance workers in chemical plants are exposed to, and gives some basic recommendations on how these risks can be managed, including some good practice examples.

Other data

Sector / Industry covered: 
Παραγωγή χημικών ουσιών και προϊόντων
Κατασκευή πλαστικών προϊόντων
Επισκευή και εγκατάσταση μηχανημάτων και εξοπλισμού
ΠΑΡΟΧΗ ΝΕΡΟΥ· ΕΠΕΞΕΡΓΑΣΙΑ ΛΥΜΑΤΩΝ, ΔΙΑΧΕΙΡΙΣΗ ΑΠΟΒΛΗΤΩΝ ΚΑΙ ΔΡΑΣΤΗΡΙΟΤΗΤΕΣ ΕΞΥΓΙΑΝΣΗΣ
Δραστηριότητες καθαρισμού
Provider: 
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
Tasks covered: 
Applying Surface Coatings
Cleaning or Disinfecting
Handling Chemicals
Other
Hazard - physical state: 
Aerosols
Dusts
Gases
Solids
Vapours
Hazard - health effects: 
Allergens
Asphyxiants
Carcinogens
Mutagens
Reprotoxic substances
Neurotoxic substances
Irritants
Toxic substances
Fire and explosion
Exposure route: 
Dermal contact
Ingestion
Inhalation
Ocular (through eyes)
Sharps and cuts
Skin absorption
Substance Description: 

Some chemicals may be used for maintenance (detergents, volatile organic compounds, gas oil, etc.), produced during the course of maintenance (e.g. metal oxides and phosgene from welding, diesel engine exhaust, etc.) or present/produced in the facility (e.g. carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), 1,3-butadiene and benzene, xylene, toluene, hydrogen sulphide, mercury, chlorine gas, mono-isocyanates (polyurethanes), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), epichlorohydrin (epoxy resins), ethylene oxide (used in the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), nickel or cobalt, and inorganic acids).

CAS Number: 
75-44-5
106-99-0
71-43-2
1330-20-7
108-88-3
7783-06-4
7439-97-6
7782-50-5
75-01-4
106-89-8
75-21-8
7440-02-0
7440-48-4
EC number: 
200-870-3
203-450-8
200-753-7
215-535-7
203-625-9
231-977-3
231-959-5
200-831-0
203-439-8
200-849-9
231-106-7
231-111-4
231-158-0
Prevention measures: 
Level 1. Elimination of hazards
Level 1. Substitution
Level 2. Reducing / minimising the risk by organisational measures, e.g. reducing the number of workers exposed
Training / guidance
Purpose of the material: 
General information
Guidance
Target group: 
Employers
Managers
Occupational health physician
OSH consultant
Researchers
Safety officers

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