Das allgemeine Ziel der Europäischen Agentur für Sicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz am Arbeitsplatz besteht darin, durch die Bereitstellung nützlicher Informationen einen Beitrag zur Verbesserung der Arbeitsumgebung für Arbeitnehmer in der EU zu leisten. Zu diesem Zweck werden Informationen zum Thema Sicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz bei der Arbeit erfasst, analysiert und verbreitet. Die Agentur ist über ein dreigliedriges Netzwerk tätig, und das vorliegende Dokument ist das Ergebnis von Konsultationen mit den Netzwerkpartnern der Agentur, insbesondere mit dem Verwaltungsrat/Vorstand und dem Focalpoint-Netzwerk.
In order to meet its environmental targets, the EU is set for a rapid growth of the green economy. It is therefore important to anticipate new and emerging risks to occupational safety and health (OSH) in green jobs in order to ensure that these jobs are not only good for the environment but also for workers’ safety and health. This report presents a foresight study that has identified possible future scenarios for OSH in green jobs, given developments in green technologies, under different economic and social conditions. A summary report is also available.
The report shows that emergency workers have a high risk of suffering fatal accidents, injuries and other occupational diseases. Past disasters demonstrate that both communities and companies are often not fully prepared for major accidents and catastrophes. Better protection for emergency workers against occupational hazards should be given high priority, as current environmental, economic, and political developments suggest an increase in the severity and frequency of future disasters.
The overall proportion of self-employed workers is stable in Europe, however there has been a marked growth over recent years in the number of self-employed working in the services and construction sectors. The level of self-employment in high risk sectors such as agriculture and construction means that the capturing of accurate OSH data for this group becomes ever more important. Currently, such information is available at European level from surveys of workers, such as Eurofound’s European working conditions survey (EWCS) and the LFS (2007 ad-hoc module on accidents at work and work-related health problems) and from accident registers (ESAW).
Although national differences in definitions, reporting rates and systems render comparative data analysis difficult, there is scope for improving the quality of monitoring of OSH for self-employed through the sharing of knowledge about current practices across Europe. This report describes monitoring systems currently in use and highlights any recent initiatives designed to improve the monitoring of OSH with respect to self-employed in ten selected Member States (Belgium, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Malta, The Netherlands and Poland).