Toxic toil — child labour and mercury exposure in Tanzania’s small-scale gold mines

EU & international information
International
English
2013

Popis

Thousands of children, some as young as eight years old, risk serious injury and even death from working in small-scale gold mines in Tanzania.
This report, based on over 200 interviews, examines child labour and exposure to mercury in small-scale gold mines in Tanzania, Africa’s fourth-largest gold producer. Children dig and drill in deep unstable pits for shifts of up to 24 hours, transport and crush heavy bags of gold ore, and process the gold with mercury. Exposure to mercury vapour can cause neurological and developmental problems and it is particularly harmful to children. In some cases, working in mines also affects children’s attendance and performance at school and places girls at risk of sexual harassment and exploitation.

Other data

Sector / Industry covered: 
TĚŽBA A DOBÝVÁNÍ
Provider: 
Human Rights Watch
Tasks covered: 
Mining or Quarrying
Hazard - physical state: 
Dusts
Liquids
Vapours
Hazard - health effects: 
Neurotoxic substances
Exposure route: 
Dermal contact
Inhalation
Skin absorption
Substance Description: 

Substances you come in contact with in mining, mercury, silicon dioxide

CAS Number: 
7439-97-6
7631-86-9, 112926-00-8
EC number: 
231-106-7
231-545-4
Purpose of the material: 
Awareness raising
Report
Target group: 
Policy makers

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