The release of chemicals from their containment, either accidentally or deliberately, is one of the most relevant risk scenarios in Europe. A human health risk assessment is a prerequisite for chemical incident prevention, preparedness and response. European guidance and harmonized Acute Exposure Reference Values (AERVs) are urgently needed for effective human health risk assessment in the context of chemical incidents.
Emerging chemical incident risk scenarios and risk drivers have been identified in the publication. It is recommended to monitor more frequently at an early stage for new trends in chemicals, scenarios and risks from chemical incidents. A need for a specific approach to deal with single exposure to mixtures of chemicals is identified, as well as for specific guidance to adequately protect professional first responders.
Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and LNG regasification, the main hazard being explosion; methane production from manure (biogas); carbon capture and storage (CCS). Carbon dioxide , hydrogen, oxygen,
biofuels or other new formulations of liquid fuels; methane production from manure (biogas); carbon capture and storage (CCS). pesticides and biocides,
volatile organic, solvents, cholinesterase inhibitors, organophosphates