Exposure to carcinogens and work-related cancer: a review of assessment methods

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2014

Popis

Estimates of the recent and future burden of occupational diseases indicate that occupational cancer is still a major problem and will remain so in the future as a result of workers' exposure to carcinogens. Occupational cancer is a problem that needs to be tackled across the European Union. This report provides an overview of the assessment tools for exposure to cancer risk factors and looks into relevant occupational factors: chemical, physical and biological exposures, as well as other possibly carcinogenic working environments (such as shift and night work). It also examines the potential opportunities for identifying new causes and/or promoters of cancer and evaluates existing sources of information, with the aim of identifying major knowledge gaps and describing some new approaches needed to assess and prevent occupational cancer risks. It also describes occupational cancer prevention measures at European, national and workplace levels and makes recommendations for how the gaps in the relevant knowledge can be filled to effectively prevent  future risks of occupational cancer. The issue of vulnerable groups of workers (for example women, young workers, workers experiencing high exposure to carcinogens and workers in precarious conditions) is also addressed.

Other data

Sector / Industry covered: 
Not sector specific
Provider: 
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
Hazard - physical state: 
Aerosols
Dusts
Fibres
Gases
Liquids
Nanoparticles (airborne liquids/solids including smoke or mist)
Solids
Vapours
Hazard - health effects: 
Carcinogens
Exposure route: 
Dermal contact
Ingestion
Inhalation
Ocular (through eyes)
Substance Description: 

Gases: Vinyl chloride, Formaldehyde. Liquids, volatile: Trichloroethylene, Tetrachloroethylene, Methylchloride, Styrene, Benzene, Xylene.

Liquids, non-volatile; Metalworking fluids; Mineral oils; Hair dyes. Solids, dust: Silica, Wood dust, Talc containing asbestiform fibres.

Solids, fibres: Asbestos Man-made mineral fibres, for example ceramic fibres. Solids: Lead, Nickel compounds, Chromium VI compounds, Arsenic, Beryllium, Cadmium, Carbon black, Bitumen.

Fumes, smoke: Welding fumes, Diesel emissions, Coal tar fumes, Bitumen fumes, Fire, combustion emissions, PAHs, Tobacco smoke.

Solvents.  

Halogenated organic compounds: DDT, Ethylene dibromide.

Antineoplastic drugs: MOPP (Mustargen, oncovin, procarbazine and prednisone, a combination chemotherapy regimen used to treat Hodgkin’s disease),  Anaesthetics


CAS Number: 
75-01-4
50-00-0, 30525-89-4, 68294-73-5
100-42-5
79-01-6
71-43-2, 1076-43-3
1330-20-7
7440-41-7
7440-43-9
EC number: 
200-831-0, 618-338-8, 924-145-2
200-001-8, 608-494-5
202-851-5
201-167-4
200-753-7
215-535-7
231-150-7
231-152-8
Prevention measures: 
Level 1. Elimination of hazards
Level 1. Substitution
Training / guidance
Hygiene measures
Purpose of the material: 
Awareness raising
General information
Guidance
Measurement and assessment
Policy paper
REACH or CLP related
Risk assessment
Target group: 
Employers
Managers
Occupational health physician
OSH consultant
Policy makers
Researchers
Safety officers
Workers

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