Millions of people in the developing world depend on artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) for their livelihoods. The present document is part of a World Health Organization (WHO) technical series on ASGM and health developed in response to World Health Assembly Resolution 67.11. It seeks to inform ministries of public health of the roles they can play in supporting the implementation of the ASGM-related provisions of the Minamata Convention on Mercury. This report provides a summary of the literature review that was carried out to support the development of the WHO guidance. It covers the environmental and occupational health hazards and adverse health outcomes associated with ASGM. Issues and special considerations for women and children are also explored. The report also examines training programmes, toolkits and guides that can be used by, or developed into a curriculum on occupational and environmental hazards associated with ASGM for, a healthcare audience.
Chemicals used in gold mining:
Mercury, Methylmercury, Silicon dioxide, Lead sulphide, Sulphur dioxide, Carbon monoxide